VISIONS OF CÁDIZ: THE CONSTITUTION OF 1812 IN HISTORICAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL THOUGHT

VISIONS OF CÁDIZ: THE CONSTITUTION OF 1812 IN HISTORICAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL THOUGHT
M. C. Mirow

ABSTRACT

This chapter reviews ways the Spanish Constitution of 1812, also known as the Constitution of Cádiz, has been viewed in historical and constitutional thought. The document is a liberal constitution establishing constitutional rights, a representative government, and a parliamentary monarchy. It influenced ideas of American equality within the Spanish Empire, and its traces are observed in the process of Latin American independence. To these accepted views, one must add that the Constitution was a lost moment in Latin American constitutional development. By the immediate politicization of constitutionalism after 1812, the document marks the beginning of constitutional difficulties in the region.

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