Papers Presented

The majority of these papers were presented at the bi annual Congreso de Historia Centroamerica in the various central American Republics. Other papers were presented at archaeology and other conferences. Also included are some accompanying documents, maps, one drawn by Augusto Cesar Sandino of his mountain top fortress El Chipote. The frontpiece of the lawsuit filed by Raphaela de Herrera against the Crown of receive her deceased father`s inheritance ( she lost), and the frontpiece of the ancillary lawsuit that Ana Maria de Pravia filed against her ex-husband for return of property child custody, and alimony. Also included are some of the signatures of the parties and judges.



The Defining Of Nicaragua´s Northern and Southern Borders By Gold Mines

Council Of Latin Americanist Geographers International Conference, Granada, Nicaragua January 7-9, 2009 The Defining Of Nicaragua´s Northern and Southern Borders By Gold Mines By Pat Werner Corresponding Member, Nicaraguan Academy of Geography and History

Squier in Granada: His Meeting with General Trinidad Muñoz And Aftermath

By: Pat Werner Of all the people that Ephraim Squier met in Nicaragua, perhaps the most memorable was General Trinidad Muñoz. In November of 1849 there had apparently been an uprising in the pueblo of led by followers of Bernabé Somoza a local bandit…

León Viejo Y Sus Secretos

León Viejo Y Sus Secretos Por Pat Werner Miembro Correspondiente Academia de Geografía e Historia de Nicaragua Associate Profesor of Political Science Ave Maria University Latin American Campus

La Producción Económica de los Tribus Grandes en Nicaragua en 1548

La Producción Económica de los Tribus Grandes en Nicaragua en 1548 Por: Patrick S. Werner Ave Maria College Of The Americas San Marcos, Nicaragua [email protected]

La Conquista y Pérdida del Desaguadero, 1539-1545

Por: Dr. Patrick S. Werner AVE MARÍA COLLEGE OF THE AMERICAS San Marcos, Nicaragua Email: [email protected] Tel: 535-2314 Ext. 175

War And Atrocities

By Rodolfo Fierro Terrible things happen in a war. Men do bad things. Time sometimes dulls the immediate shock and memory, but the existence of those terrible things never disappears. One of the cardinal characteristics of man is that he creates parties, groups, or…

Diriamba y el Hombre que Nunca Fue su Cacique

Por: Pat Werner Hace algún tiempo fui invitado por los padres de la Ciudad de Diriamba, mi pueblo hogar en Nicaragua, a dar una conferencia sobre el linaje precolombino de Diriamba. Ubicada a 40 Km de Managua en las tierras planas del sur, es…

Las Tres Batallas de Masaya, 1855, 1856

Por Pat Werner Ave Maria University Latin American Campus San Marcos, Nicaragua Las Guerras Civiles de Nicaragua, 1854-1857  La Batalla Del Pozo, Chinandega- Perdedor, Los Conservadores y Fruto Chamorro Repliegue a Granada, 1854 y Conservadores tienen solamente la plaza de Granada General liberal, Máximo…

Las Rutas Ancianas de Nicaragua En El Siglo XVI

Las Rutas Ancianas de Nicaragua En El Siglo XVI Pat Werner Miembro Correspondiente de la Academia de Geografía e Historia de Nicaragua Secretario General Ave Maria University Latin American Campus Abril 9, 2012 Una investigación de los viajes durante los primeros 60 años de…

University Accreditation Across Two Cultures: The Ave Maria Experience

Popular Culture Association Conference in San José, Costa Rica July 25-26, 2011 University Accreditation Across Two Cultures: The Ave Maria Experience Pat Werner Director of Institutional Effectiveness Ave Maria University Latin American Campus San Marcos, Nicaragua